Baker, The American Journey, Volume 2, 7e
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The American Journey, 7th Edition by Doug Baker and Susan Hutchins

The authors chose a symbolic title, The American Journey, for a specific reason. Using engaging historical perspectives to draw a roadmap of the “journey,” the American story from past to present is detailed in these split-volume texts. The journey metaphor conveys that events and attitudes do not occur in a vacuum. The present is linked with both the past and the future. The journey experience allows students to expand their critical thinking via an in-depth examination of American history, including varying interpretive viewpoints. These innovative perspectives encourage readers to immerse themselves in a personal analysis of history and how it shapes our present vision.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1

Reconstruction: 1865-1877 1

President Lincoln’s Plan • Andrew Johnson Becomes President • President Johnson’s Reconstruction Plan • Congressional Reconstruction Policies • The 1866 Congressional Elections • Congressional Political Reconstruction • Andrew Johnson’s Impeachment • Life in the South • Government in the Southern States • The Klu Klux Klan • The Supreme Court and Reconstruction • An Assessment of Reconstruction: Historians Debate the Times and the Legacies • The End of Reconstruction

Chapter 2

Settling the West 20

The Mormons Arrive in the West • Three Economic Groups Settle the West • The Mining Communities • Connecting West to East • Indian Wars in the West • The Ghost Dance Movement • Assimilation • The Cattlemen • Farming the Great Plains • Myths of the West • The Significance of the West

Chapter 3

Industrializing a Nation 46

Factors Contributing to America’s Industrial Revolution • Economic Depressions • Industry and its Titans • Big Business Attempts to Eliminate Competition • Labor Organizes • Keeping the Labor Movement Weak

Chapter 4

The Gilded Age Presidents 62

An Overview of Politics • The 1868 Election • The Money Question • The Tariff Issue • Incompetence and Corruption • Civil Service Reform • The 1872 Election • The Panic of 1873 • The Resumption Act and its Aftermath • More Scandals • Introduction to the Hayes Administration • The United States Customs House Scandal • The 1877 Railroad Strike • The Bland-Allison Act • The 1880 Election • Garfield’s Presidency • Introduction to the Arthur Administration • Civil Service Reform • The Tariff Issue • Immigration Restriction • The 1884 Election • Introduction to the Cleveland Administration • The Haymarket Square Bombing and Organized Labor • Remaining Civil War Issues • The Interstate Commerce Act • The Tariff Issue under Cleveland• Remaining Issues • The 1888 Election • Introduction to the Harrison Administration • The Dependent Pensions Act • The Sherman Antitrust Act • The Sherman Silver Purchase Act • The McKinley Tariff Act • The Homestead Steel Strike • Remaining Issues • The 1892 Election • Introduction to the Cleveland Administration • The Panic of 1893 • Coxey’s Army • The Pullman Railroad Strike • The Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act • The 1896 Election

Chapter 5

Social History: 1870-1920 92

The Dominant Economic and Political Philosophy • Social Reformers • The Muckrakers • Socialist Reaction • The Industrial Workers of the World • The Child Labor Problem • The Triangle Shirtwaist Fire • Taylorism • The State of Black America • Immigration • Eugenics • Urban Expansion • Urban Poverty and Social Reformers • Other Urban Issues • Religion Reacts to Industrialism • Darwinism • and Other Aspects of the Modern Life • The Temperance Movement • Education • The Chautauqua Movement • Science and the New Morality • Convenient Home Products • Medicine and Public Health • The Women’s Movement • Literature • Art and Architecture • The World of Music • The Motion Picture Industry • The Rise of Professional Sports

Chapter 6

McKinley and the Progressive Era Presidents 138

Introduction to the McKinley Administration • The Dingley Tarrif Act • The Refuse Act • Gold and the Golden Age of Agriculture • The 1900 Election • The Assassination of McKinley • An Overview of the Progressive Era • A Biographical Sketch of Theodore Roosevelt • Introduction to the Roosevelt Administration • Roosevelt’s Antitrust Actions • The Conservation Movement and Theodore Roosevelt • The 1902 Coal Strike • The Elkins Act • The 1904 Election • The Hepburn Act • Consumer Protection Legislation • The Supreme Court and Worker Protection • The Panic of 1907 • Theodore Roosevelt and the Race Question • The 1908 Election • Taft’s Antitrust Actions • The Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act • The Progressive Revolt in the House of Representatives • The Ballinger-Pinchot Controversy • The Mann-Elkins Act • Remaining Issues • The 1912 Election • A Biographical Sketch of Woodrow Wilson • The Underwood-Simmons Tariff Act • The Federal Reserve Act • Wilson and the Antitrust Laws • Wilson Shifts to the Left • A Brief Assessment of Progressivism

Chapter 7

An Expanding Foreign Policy 170

Foreign Policy during the Reconstruction Period • Early Examples of Expansionism • Interest in the Pacific Grows • United States Policy in Latin America • American Imperialism in the 1890’s • The Spanish-American War • War in the Philippines • Governing the Philippines • The Open Door Policy • Administering Cuba • Theodore Roosevelt’s Foreign Policy Goals • The Panama Canal • The Roosevelt Corollary Strengthens but Changes the Monroe Doctrine • Arbitration • Mediation and World Politics • Relations with Japan • Dollar Diplomacy • Missionary Diplomacy

Chapter 8

World War I 202

War in Europe is Declared • The Underlying Causes of World War I • The German Invasion of Belgium • Trench Warfare • New Weapons • The United States Announces its Neutrality • British Violations of American Neutrality • German Violations of American Neutrality • The Business Aspect of Neutrality • The Preparedness Controversy and the Election of 1916 • Wilson Attempts to Negotiate Peace • The United States Enters the Great War • Raising an Army • Mobilizing the Nation for War • Labor on the Home Front • Financing the War •Propaganda and Public Opinion • The Espionage and Sedition Acts • Fighting the War • Making Peace • The Treaty Fight in the United States Senate • The Results of the War

Chapter 9

The Roaring Twenties to the Great Depression 230

The Social Effects of World War I • All that Jazz • Prohibition • The Red Scare • The Sacco-Vanzetti Trial • Race Relations • Business and Industry • Organized Labor • Agriculture • Progressives in the Twenties • The 1920 Election • Harding the Man • The Harding Cabinet and the Ohio Gang • The Harding Scandals • Coolidge the Man • Legislative Issues of the Harding-Coolidge Administrations • The 1924 Election • The Scopes Trial and Fundamentalism • The 1928 Election • Hoover’s Early Efforts • The Stock Market Crash • The Underlying Causes of the Great Depression • Hoover’s Initial Response to the Great Depression • Reconstruction Finance Corporation • Protests • The 1932 Election

Chapter 10

Roosevelt and the New Deal 260

Biological Sketch of Franklin D. Roosevelt • The Inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt • The Banking Crisis • Philosophy and the Brain Trust • The First One Hundred Days • Relief • Recovery • Reform • The Second New Deal • Criticism from the Conservatives • Criticism from the Liberals • The 1936 Election • The Court-Packing Controversy • The Roosevelt Recession • The New Deal Winds Down • Labor and the New Deal • Discrimination and Gains for African-Americans under the New Deal • Discrimination and Gains for Women under the New Deal • Literature in the 1930s • Radio and Movies Entertain • An Assessment of Roosevelt and the New Deal

Chapter 11

Foreign Policy Between the World Wars 286

American Isolationism • The Disarmament Conferences: Disarming for Peace • The World Court Controversy • World War I Debts • The Kellogg-Briand Pact • Latin American Foreign Policy in the 1920s • The Good Neighbor Policy • American Policy toward the Philippines • The Battle for China • Neutrality • The Quarantine Speech and the Ludlow Amendment • Unity in the Western Hemisphere • The Aggression of Fascist Italy •The Spanish Civil War • The Aggression of Germany • American Reactions

Chapter 12

World War II 310

The Nazi-Soviet Pact • The Invasion of Poland • Northern and Western Europe Fall to the Nazis • The Destroyers of Bases Deal • Other Steps in September 1940 • The 1940 Election • The Battle of Britain • The Lend-Lease Act • The Battle of the Atlantic • The Atlantic Charter • The German Invasion of the Soviet Union • Repeal of the Neutrality Laws • Pearl Harbor • The Home Front • Allied Goals and Strategies to Win the War • The War in North Africa and Europe • The War in the Pacific • Aftermath of the War

Chapter 13

The Cold War: Korea and Vietnam 348

Origins of the Cold War • The Marshall Plan • The Berlin Blockage and Airlift • Other Cold War Crises in 1949-1950 • NSC#68 • The Korean War • The Vietnam War

Chapter 14

Social History 1945-1970 378

The Postwar Economic Boom • Population Shifts and the Growth of the Suburbs • Negative Factors in the Postwar Economy • The Modern Civil Rights Movement • Native Americans • Hispanic Americans • The Modern Women’s Movement • Growing Student Discontent • An Emerging Counterculture • Religious Trends and Leaders • Literature of Postwar America • Hollywood and the Golden Age of Television • Art • Sports • Modern Medicine

Chapter 15

The Critical Era: 1945-1960 422

Introduction to the Truman Administration • Organizing the United Nations • War Trials • Domestic Issues under Truman • Reconversion of the Economy • Labor Problems for Truman • Truman and the Congress • The Midterm Congressional Elections of 1946 • The Taft-Hartley Act • The “Miracle” Election of 1948 •The Fair Deal • Reorganizing a Government • Promoting Loyalty and Battling Communism at Home • The Fair Deal and Civil Rights • Foreign Affairs under Truman • Middle East Policy • Asian Policy • The Home Front during the Korean War • The 1952 Election • Domestic Issues under Eisenhower • Social Welfare • The Highway Act of 1956 • Farmers and Laborers • The 1956 Election • The Budget Battle • Social Welfare Measure Continue • Addressing the Problems of Farmers • The Sherman Adams Scandal and the Midterm Elections of 1958 • The Landrum-Griffin Act • The Supreme Court during the Eisenhower Administrations • Foreign Affairs under Eisenhower • Soviet-American Relations • The Race for Space • Latin American Policy • Middle East Policy • Asian Policy • The 1960 Election

Chapter 16

The Tumultuous Sixties 464

Introduction to the Kennedy Administration • Domestic Issues under Kennedy • National Defense Measures • The Space Program Takes Off for the Moon • More Administration Setbacks • The Trade Expansion Act •

The Clean Air Act of 1963 • Kennedy Reacts to Steel Price Hikes • The Income Tax Cut Proposed • Foreign Affairs under Kennedy • Kennedy’s Latin American Policy • Foreign Policy in Europe: The Berlin Wall • The Kennedy Assassination • Introduction to the Johnson Administration • Domestic Issues under Johnson • The Great Society Begins • The 1964 Election • The Appalachian Regional Development Act • The Elementary and Secondary Education Act • The Higher Education Act • The Medical Care Act • The Housing and Urban Development Act • The Immigration Act of 1965 • Remaining Issues • The Evaluation of the Great Society • The Warren Court • Foreign Affairs under Johnson • The Middle East • Asia • Soviet-American Relations • The 1968 Election

Chapter 17

A Decade of Crises: The 1970s 492

Introduction to the Nixon Administration • Domestic Issues under Nixon • Social Welfare Programs • Nixonomics • A Potpourri of New Laws and Other Changes • Law and Order and the Supreme Court • Man Reaches the Moon and Continues Space Exploration • The 1972 Election • Nixonomics in the Second Term • The Women’s Movement during the Nixon Administration • American-Indians Push for Changes in Policies • African–Americans and the Political System • Foreign Affairs under Nixon • The Watergate Scandal • Results in the Resignation of Nixon • Introduction to the Ford Administration • Stagflation • Remaining Issues • Foreign Affairs under Ford • Soviet-American Relations • Middle Eastern Policy • Foreign Policy in Asia • The 1976 Election • Introduction to the Carter Administration • The Energy Crisis Grows • A Social Security Crisis • Economic Policies and Administration Reorganization • Reforms in Government • Foreign Affairs under Carter • The 1980 Election

Chapter 18

The Eighties: A Conservative Resurgence 528

Introduction to the Reagan Administration • Domestic Issues under Reagan • Reaganomics • Assassination Attempt • Organized Labor • Conservatives Unite • Immigration • Women in the 1980s • African-Americans in the 1980s • Government in Reagan’s First Administration • The 1984 Election • Economics in the Second Term • The Supreme Court during Reagan’s Terms • Technological Advances • Foreign Affairs under Reagan • The 1988 Election • Domestic Issues under Bush • Economic Problems • The Supreme Court under Bush • The Self-Proclaimed Environmental and Education President • The Status of Minorities • Foreign Affairs under Bush • The 1992 Election

Chapter 19

Marching Toward the Twenty-First Century 558

Introduction to the Clinton Administration • Key Clinton Cabinet and Supreme Court Appointments • Domestic Issues under Clinton • The Clinton Economic Plan • NAFTA • Health Care Plan • Anger in America • The 1994 Congressional Elections • Welfare Reform • The 1996 Election • Clinton Scandals • Social History •Foreign Affairs under Clinton • The Middle East • Foreign Policy in Africa • The 2000 Election • Domestic Issues under Bush • Campaign Finance Reform • Economic Policies • Financial Scandals • No Child Left Behind Act • Terrorists Strike Against America • Foreign Policy under Bush • War on Terrorism • War in Afghanistan • Operation “Iraqi Freedom” • The 2004 Presidential Election • Central America Free Trade Agreement • Supreme Court Controversy • Hurricane Katrina • The War in Iraq • The 2006 Congressional Elections • Growing Global Economic Crisis • The 2008 Presidential Election

Chapter 20

Establishing the Obama Pathway 588

Introduction to the Obama Administration • An Ambitious Agenda • New Supreme Court Justices • Response to the Great Recession • The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act • The Citizens United Decision • WikiLeaks • The 2010 Congressional Elections • Women’s Health Rights Issues • Voting Rights Restrictions • The 2012 Election • Gun Violence • Shelby County v. Holder • Climate Change Action • Scandals and Other Controversies • Terrorism • Foreign Policy • Russia • Israel • The War in Iraq • The War in Afghanistan • Pakistan and the War on Terrorists • Iran • The Arab Spring • Cuban-American Relations Thawed- A Brief Assessment of teh Obama Presidency-The 2016 Presidential Election-Conclusion

Declaration of Independence 617

The United States Constitution 621

The Bill of Rights 634

Presidential History 643

Index 645

 

  • Item #: 9781935801-320

Baker, The American Journey, Volume 2, 7e

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